Ulaanbaatar City

I heard many people talks about Mongolia if it has cars, buildings, and how children go to school on horseback. Whether they know I-phone?

For those of you, who may have same questions, this article can be helpful to get information about Mongolia, and its city Ulaanbaatar.

The capital city Ulaanbaatar is home to 1.3 million residents, which is close to half Mongolia’s total population. You will be starting your journey from here.

The city is compact and actively modernizing metropolis surrounded by four sacred mountains with dense forests.

Our city changed its location for 28 times in our history and we have an interesting story to tell about how our city moved in the current area.

“Once, there was a god who sent his angels to everywhere to find the best location for people to build the city. When they were looking for the right place and met with an old man with white beard, and he said that he has 3 words to tell to the god. And he said golden spur columbine, never breaking robe, and golden plate. Angels got back to the god and told it so, and then the god told them that there was a special meaning. They finally found the right place and there was a Bogd mountain for the golden spur columbine, Tuul River for the never breaking robe, and the golden plate for the steppe surrounded by four sacred mountains.”

City Ulaanbaatar tour offers many interesting museums, monasteries, modern shopping malls such as the infamous “State Department Store”, market places, galleries to visit, a variety of cuisines of fine dining restaurants in Zaisan district and Seoul Street. Fast foods are available day or night, and many nightclubs with live music concerts, cultural performance to attend. The magic of the city is if you want to escape to the countryside, it is only an hour drive away from the city center.

In fact, city Ulaanbaatar is the coldest city with barometric pressure of 1037 hectopascal in winter, and for about 250 days are sunny and about 100 days of a year has no wind. It’s known as the highest locating city in the world.

The monestary was built in 1809 and relocated to the current location in 1838. Gandan monastery was known as a house of 5000 monks, for their Buddha learning and practicing center in Mongolia. During the communism in 1938, around 900 monasteries were destroyed and many monks were killed, jailed and forced to join the army. Later in 1944, monks were requesting administrators to reopen Gandan monastery and carried out under the strict administration of the socialist government. Currently, there are 10 temples are operating by 900 monks.

The Sukhbaatar statue was built for the 25th year of People’s revolution memorial in Mongolia. The height of the statue’s body is 4 meters and the base is 8 meters. There is a saying “ If we people unite in our common effort and common will, there is nothing in the world that we cannot achieve, that we will not have learnt or failed to do”, that Sukhbaatar once spoke after declaring Mongolia’s independence in 1921. The saying was engraved on the bottom of the statue.

Visitors will need to climb more than 500 steps to get to the top of the Hill. It contains a significant monument features a rounded memorial painting that describes how Mongolian soldiers brought huge influence in Soviet soldiers to defeat Japanese in 1939, during WWII. The tank memorial locates bottom of the Hill has a map presenting the route between Moscow (1943) to Berlin (1945). Visitors also can see the city view from the top of the Hill.

In the second half of the 16th century, the Gelugpa sect of Tibetan Buddhism took hold in Mongolia and from 20th century it became the dominant religion of Mongolia. In 1911, the Bogdo Javzandamba became the Theocrat of the country, his palace, currently known as Bogd Khan Palace was built between 1893-1903. The Palace and its utilities were kept exactly the way the Theocrat Javzandamba and his Queen Dondogdulam were using. Currently, the Palace is used as a museum building, presenting valuable historical and artistic objects, religious idols, ethnographic objects and more. In fact, the Bogdo Javzandamba was reincarnated five times in India and three times in Tibet before being identified in 1639 as Zanabazar, who was an influential figure in the historical, social, political, and religious fields. Also, popularly known for his fine arts, innovative sculptor and painter.

It was built in 1924 for a purpose of displaying Mongolian history and culture, and its natural resources to the society. The Museum has more than fifty thousand exhibitions of collections in 10 halls. It exhibits paleontological and archaeological objects from the Hun and Uighur eras, all ethnical costumes and jewelries of Mongolia, exhibitions of Great Mongol Empire, Mongolian ger display and much more historical and valuable displays of Mongolia.

The museum was built in 2012, for Genghis Khan memorial. The museum includes parliamentary hall, justice hall, the country’s historical hall, administrative hall, and temporary museum hall.

It is considered as an architectural masterpiece of the 19th and 20th century, which was built by Mongolian architects for lama Luvsankhaidav, a brother to VIII Bogd the Theocrat.  It has been used as a museum since 1942, includes 5 exhibiting halls. The museum displays valuable historical, artistic objects, and religious idols etc.

Traditional singers, dancers, contortionists, musicians perform traditional concert, which allows visitors to hear and see the unique ensemble playing. There are people doing throat singing, playing horse-head fiddles, and other traditional instruments and traditional drawling songs, which is considered as a way of meditation that has power of making people feel like they’re traveling their inner peace.